Saturday, March 18, 2017

It's a Beautiful Thing, The Destruction of Words

     EDIT: So this is something I started forever ago, then decided not to post here, then forgot about. This was spurred from something that was going on months ago, but I feel it is still relevant, but that is the reason for the more rant-ish nature to this post. 

     This is another thing a bit different. Anyone ever heard of "1984" by George Orwell? One of my favorite books. I was watching a YouTube video about Political Correctness and this is what popped into my head: "War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is Strength". Needless to say, this is going to be a controversial blog post, so please, if you are only going to read this to get pissy and demonize me and my opinion, go away or at least hold your tongue. I don't mind alternate opinions, but I will always keep an open and peaceful mind when speaking to someone who disagrees and I expect the same courtesy in return. As the runner of this blog, I can and will block you if you just start fights with others, and I would really dislike my first comment on this blog to be a hateful one.
     So, anybody who knows me, and I mean REALLY knows me, knows that I cannot stand the state of the world. I hate that there is still racism, and sexism, and homophobia, and honestly, discrimination in general. I feel like, as a species, we should be passed this already, however, I am not naive enough to believe this will ever actually be the case. Humans are ignorant, and we always will be. People are always going to hate those who are different or who they cannot understand. This is something that sadly, will never be fixed. Now, this is not me saying that we need to just sit back and take it, but how we are going about things isn't any better.
     We have become a society, a world, afraid of words. There are words that should not be used, I agree. I will never utter a racial slur in my life, because I feel all humans should be equal, regardless of skin color. I will never say a hateful thing about a man, simply for him being a man, because I believe that sex does not deem equality. I will never say a homophobic slur. Can you guess why? As a female, I have been teased for being a girl. I have been told that boys are smarter, that boys are stronger, that boys are better. And my response had always been akin to "prove it". I, of all people, understand how words can hurt, but I also understand how words can be overcome and being afraid of words is not the way to do so. We cannot sensor people. We shouldn't be able to. Because I believe in equality and if we can sensor somebody, then we can sensor everybody, and that includes you.
     The internet has essentially become the Thought Police. This feels like the unseen beginnings of 1984. Don't say this word, because it comes from this origin, which is offensive, even if that's not what this means anymore because nobody seems to understand how language works, and that languages evolve and change and origins do not really matter aside from fun trivia or understanding how a word came into existence.
      There are classes now. You can go there to learn to not be a prick. But it's more than that. Don't say the n word because it's racist. Don't say the b word or slut because it's sexist. Don't refer to people as she or he because there are more options now. The special snowflakes, the thought police, whatever your nickname for the extremists, they do want to destroy language. If they were in charge, you could probably be put to death for identifying someone as the wrong gender.
     See, people talk about how memespeak and text talk are reminiscent of shortening the words in the dictionary and taking out others, but I think this is the scarier issue. This is the beginning of the sort of dictation we get a glimpse of in one of my favorite books. And this is where we are headed if things don't change. So be careful what you say, be careful what you think, because thoughts are a crime now, and differing opinions are a death sentence.
     But I suppose I should be more careful about my words. After all, Big Brother is watching.

Friday, March 17, 2017

More Anime Terms You Should Know

     Also known as "Anime Terms You Should Know Part II". This time I tried putting it in alphabetical order.

     Ahoge (Ah-h-oh-g-eh): This is that weird piece of hair that anime characters always have sticking up. Yes, it has a name. And guess what the translation is: Foolish hair.
     Image result for ahoge
     AMV: These are those music videos you find scattered all over YouTube where people put their favorite scenes, fan art, or OTP across the screen while music they think is relevant but it really isn't plays in the background. It's short for "Anime Music Video". And I watch them all the time.
     Bara (B-ah-r-ah): Bara is the version of YAOI that's actually created by gay men. Usually the characters are drawn more muscular and masculine as opposed to Boy's Love's usually effeminate characteristics. The word "bara" literally means "rose".
     Cat Girl: Japanese: Shoujo no ko, Onna no ko, Shouneko (technically that would just be cat youth), Neko Onna, Kyatto gahru. My friend, Minae, says kyatto gahru, so I would go with that if you don't want to use the English. These are the girls who are pretty much entirely human but have cat ears and a tail and their faces may appear more catlike. They tend to exhibit more catlike behavior as well. It is a common trope in anime, and anime pictures.
     Dojikko (Doh-J-ee-k-oh): Me. Also, it means a girl who is super clumsy used in a cute or humorous ways. In ecchi, these are the girls who always expose their panties because they trip or get stuck upside down or something equally ridiculous.
     Dojinshi (Doh-j-ee-n-sh-ee): These are amateur manga works. They can be fan works, or original.
     Fujoshi (F-ooh-j-oh-sh-ee): "Rotten woman". A female who is a fan of YAOI...so pretty much every fan of YAOI.
     Guro (G-oo-r-oh): Also known as "ero guro", it is a form of hentai depicting graphic violence, often alongside graphic sexual content. This can include torture, murder, rape, etc, sometimes consensual but often not with the intent of sexual gratification of the viewer/reader. An example (which I have never seen and do not suggest ever looking into) is Mai-Chan's Daily Life. This is not the same as a violent manga, as it is specifically a hentai (or at least serves the same purpose).
     Hikikomori (H-ee-k-ee-k-oh-m-oh-r-ee): Also me. A hikikomori is a person who attempts to isolate themselves from society, often associated with otaku and NEETs, but all three words are mutually exclusive. There are two types which do not have individual names:  a person who is still involved with school and/or work but spends all or most of their free time alone and isolated, and a person who is a NEET and legitimately does not leave the house unless absolutely necessary.
     Mecha (M-eh-k-uh): Also, "mech". It is short for "mechanical" and describes manga/anime that involves robots (super robots/super mecha focusing on the robots and real mecha focusing on the humans), often used for fighting, either controlled by humans or working on their own. Think Gundam or Transformers. This word can also refer to the robots themselves.
     Okama (Oh-k-ah-m-uh): A cross-dressing man of any sexual orientation who is doing so for a variety of motives. Often they are straight up pretending to be a woman. This is usually used for humorous reasons but can be used in hentai.
     Omake (Oh-m-ah-k-eh): Literally means "extra". If you've read a published manga (outside of a magazine) it is those silly little comic strips in the back that aren't important to the actual story and are usually put there for humorous reasons, or can also be an add-on for a DVD release, just like extras in western movies.
     Otenba (Oh-ten-b-uh): This is pretty much just a tomboy.
     Seme (s-eh-m-eh): The dominant in a relationship, often in terms of homosexuality. Generally, they will be stronger, more masculine, and protective of their uke.
     Uke (Oo-k-eh): The sub in a (often homosexual) relationship. Often will be cuter, quieter (sometimes more shy), and more vulnerable. More physically feminine in appearance even in YAOI.
     Yankii (Y-ah-n-k-ee): This is a youth subculture in Japan consisting of delinquent/rebel middle and high schoolers, often gaining a reputation for violent behavior. This is a unisex term and the characters/people can usually be characterized by altered school uniforms, strange hair styles or colors (bleached, colored, spikey, etc) and shaved or colored eyebrows.
     YAOI (Y-ow-ee): Or, "YAma nashi, Ochi nashi, Imi nashi", which means, "no climax, no point, no meaning". Essentially, people use this term to mean any sort of male homosexual relationship, but the point of YAOI is more to be pleasurable to girls, sort of like how guys like to look up two chicks making out. It is not an accurate representation of the plights and issues that homosexual couples go through, nor is it simple, sweet, innocent romance (see my post "Don't Believe YAOI About Homosexual Rights in Japan) if I ever actually freaking finish that one). Rather, it is essentially over-glorified smut created by and for women. It's not always hentai, but it is usually sexually explicit in some form or another. Also known as "boy's love".
     Youni (Y-oh-n-ee): This is pretty much the bisexual version of YAOI and Yuri that nobody knows about. It is a term used when a character (the gender is irrelevant) is involved with characters from the same and opposite sex. It doesn't have to be sexually explicit.
     Yuri (Y-ooh-r-ee): "Girl's Love". The female version of YAOI, however, unlike YAOI, it does not need to be sexually explicit, although many are. These depict lesbian relationships, still usually without the accurate plights and discrimination faced by homosexuals, because the point of these are usually either to be cute, or arousing, and they are often not drawn by homosexuals.

Time Lord Physiology 101

     I've addressed a similar subject on my blog before, not too long ago, actually. Many Doctor Who fans are interested in the biology of the Time Lord, but not as many seem to know that there are several hints as to just how different humans are from Gallifreyans internally, despite being identical externally.
      Everybody knows that one of the Doctor's defining characteristics, besides travelling through time and space, is his two hearts. But many people overlook the implications of something like that. Such as:
     Circulatory System: Time Lords possess bivalved hearts with two distinct beats, as well as two pulses. The fibrillation of a Gallifreyan heart is about 300 and tends to beat at 60 bpm, meaning any human doctor would diagnose them with arrhythmia. While the heartbeat is normal for a human, a fibrillation in the heart, specifically an atrial one, means the top chambers of the heart quiver rapidly, beating abnormally, and not pumping blood properly, classified as a supraventricular tachycardia, most commonly caused by high blood pressure. The double pulse of a Gallifreyan is generally considered to be 170, which is also not unusual for humans, however, this is unhealthy as a resting rate, and only is usual for humanity during exercise. The beats of the hearts are more forceful, making it difficult for a stethoscope to pinpoint the exact location, as the electrical activity is greater than that of a human's. It is generally accepted that the location of the hearts are not right next to each other, however, and that one is slightly lower than the other, as seen in this diagram.
Related image
Whereas many fans place the hearts directly next to one another, sometimes attached, like a set of lungs, it is confirmed in the show, that the image above is correct. The series in not decisive on whether or not Gallifreyans are born with one or two hearts, however, as some sources say that even their first incarnation has the dual vascular system, and others say that it forms after the first regeneration. "The Doctor's Daughter" is one such case that suggests Gallifreyans are born with dual, as Jenny does indeed have two hearts, but this can possibly be thrown out by the fact that she is artificially created from the Doctor's DNA alone and is not produced how a normal Time Lord (or Time Lady, rather) would be. It is however, confirmed in all forms that a Time Lord can function with one heart, though for how long is an inconsistency, and when he is forced to, the Doctor appears much weaker and suffering from an immense amount of pain. Total cardiac arrest would require CPR to both hearts as shown in "Smith and Jones" and other episodes show that a Time Lord can gain conscious control of the hearts to temporarily slow them down a significant amount and even stopping it for several hours in order to feign death. Heart transplants are also a thing on Gallifrey and the donor and receiver would be linked, meaning it would be quite difficult to kill the donor, without the receiver's life also ending, however the specifics of this, are not really gone into. The telepathic nature of certain Time Lord abilities, however, may hint at a similar connection. With an unusual heart(s), comes unusual blood, as well. Gallifreyan blood is not only a different color, being darker and more reddish-orange. It seems that the blood could have something to do with the regeneration of a Time Lord, as it is described as having regenerative properties and temporal platelets which allow the Gallifreyan to recover from injuries faster than humans, and some that humans would not be able to recover from without permanent damage or without the assistance of a medical professional. The species possesses multiple blood types, as stated by Romana II, but it does not seem to be of the human variety, such as A and B. The chemical make up is also slightly different than that of human blood and carries a different aroma.

     Respiratory System: Time Lords are able to go much longer periods without oxygen because as opposed to a set of two lungs, they have a series of pulmonary tubes similar to the lymphatic system and they can store oxygen, yet they can be affected by altitude illness. They can avoid strangulation, drowning, and the intake of poisonous gases due to a respiratory bypass system and can enter a state of trance in order to reduce the need for oxygen. Similarly, Time Lords will never have the joy of changing their voices to a higher, more hilarious pitch via helium,

     Brain: Anyone who has seen the revival of Doctor Who, dubbed by fans as "New Who", may remember Donna Noble, one of the tenth Doctor's companions, as (SPOILERS) having housed the consciousness of a Time Lord briefly, and then being forced to forget the Doctor and all the adventures she shared with him in "Journey's End". She contained all of the Doctor's knowledge, which essentially overloaded her mind, which sounds accurate when you consider how insanely smart he is, but also brings up an interesting point: a Time Lord's brain is able to hold more information than that of a human, which makes sense when you consider the insane life span that a Gallifreyan is capable of having. If we look into the old series, it is indeed confirmed that the brain of a Time Lord is not only larger, but is also incredibly complex and capable of short-term eidetic memory. Their minds also allow multiple telepathic abilities such as knowledge/memory sharing, mind-reading, memory erasure, influence of others' dreams, and ability to put somebody to sleep. Time Lords are connected to one another telepathically and could hold mental conversations with one another in this way.

     Integumentary system: A Time Lord's skin is more durable than that of a human because of extra subdural and subcutaneous layers, allowing it to quickly reject foreign objects.

     DNA: Their DNA is formed in a triple-helix formation.

     Digestive: Time Lord's have two livers. This could explain an excess of energy, possible high metabolism, and could be involved with the process of regeneration, or at the very least, recovering from injuries far faster than humans are able.

     Other Organs: There are several organs possessed by Gallifreyans which are completely foreign to humans, however, this is never further gotten into.

     Skeletal System: The Gallifreyan skeletal system seems nearly identical to a human's save for possessing two extra ribs, 26 as opposed to 24.

     Body Temperature: The Doctor's body temperature is fifteen degrees Celsius (59 F), and can drop to temperatures below freezing. However, it does not seem to affect their external body temperature, as any human who touched him would likely comment on his skin being cold to the touch. It is not ever explained how he can outwardly feel the same temperature as a human with such a low body temp. To put this into perspective, any human with that temperature is legally dead with the ability to be revived, and it is obtained by being in the extreme cold for usually several hours. We can presume that other Time Lords have similar body temperatures.

Thursday, March 16, 2017

Dere Types (and other anime personality archetypes)

     I could have sworn I've done this before, but I was glancing back and saw...nothing. So here are some anime archetypes that could come in handy. Starting with the five main types.
     Tsundere: One of the most well known dere types. The word dere can mean love or affection. Whereas "tsun" is onomatopoeia for sticking up your nose when irritated. So, tsundere is used to describe characters who are often unsure or rejecting of their emotions. This can be caused by a number of things, such as having started out hating or generally disliking their love interest, and then growing to love them, but not accepting this change in perspective. There is another form of tsundere that involves family and close friends as opposed to a love interest, but the name evades me and Google is no help. Some common phrases from them would be: "Kanchigai shinaide ne (essentially "Don't get the wrong idea")", "Arigataku omoinasai yo (you'd better be thankful)", "baka jyanai no (Are you stupid?)" and "Hima data kara (I didn't have anything else to do)." Some examples are Romano from Hetalia (who is the other form of tsundere), Inuyasha from Inuyasha, Taiga from Toradora, Makisa from Steins;Gate, Asuka from Neon Genesis Evangelion, and Haruhi from The Melancholy of Suzumiya Haruhi.
     Dandere: These are characters who are generally very quiet and painfully shy, but may open up once they get to know you, however, this doesn't always happen. They tend to take a more passive role in trying to win the object of their affection's love, but tend to manage because they are almost always absolutely adorable. The word comes from "danmari" which means "to be silent" and dere still means affectionate. It's harder to think of common quotes from them, for obvious reasons, however, I do have some examples: Akiyama from K-On, Hiiragi from Lucky Star, Asahina from The Melancholy of Suzumiya Haruhi, Japan from Hetalia (I guess?), Sakurai-san from Nichijou, Sunako from The Wallflower, Chiriko from The Flower We Saw That Day, and Sailor Mercury from Sailor Moon.
     Kuudere: Kuudere comes from the English word "cool" in the sense of unemotional apathy, and dere, which you should know what that means by now. This can be for a great many reasons. One such reasoning is that the character is unable to feel emotion, such as in the case of an android, but somehow learns to love their object of affection and feel. Other times, and more commonly, the kuudere's emotionless mask is simply a front, and they put this on for another variety of reasons. One of the first characters I think of when I think kuudere is Angel (Kanade) from Angel Beats, but there is also Rei from Neon Genesis Evangelion, Mei from Another, Yin from Darker Than Black, Enma Ai from Jigoku Shoujo, Sakaki from Azumanga Daioh, Minami from Lucky StarKonjiki no yami from To LOVE-Ru, Decum from Death Parade, and Norway from Hetalia.
     Yandere: This comes from the word yanderu (to be sick) and dere, literally meaning "lovesick". They generally seem sweet and kind and wonderful at first, and always will dote on their love interest, however, they are absolutely insane. There are two types. One would never harm their object of affection, but is perfectly willing to kill everybody else, not allowing any competition to come in contact with their love, and the other is willing to hurt or even kill their love interest so that (s)he cannot end up with anybody else. Some examples are Yuno Gasai from Mirai Nikki (one of the most well known examples), Rena from When They Cry, Belarus from Hetalia, Griffith from Berserk, Mika from Durarara!!, and Lucy from Elfen Lied.
     Deredere: These characters are straight forward without the complex double personality. They are sweet, happy, energetic, and usually a genki girl. She will be cheery and in a lot of cases, affectionate. Some examples are Elizabeth from Black Butler, Tamaki from Ouran, and Chihiro from Hataraku Maou-Sama.
     Undere: "Un", means "yeah". This is the character who will agree with everything her (or his) object of affection does and says, and will do anything they say because of the love (s)he feels for them. Misa from Death Note is legitimately the only character I can think of.
     Himedere/Oujidere: Hime means princess, but is not used for royalty. Ouji is literally the word for prince. This describes a character who wishes to be treated as royalty (think the song World is Mine by Hatsune Miku). They are spoilt brats who may or may not actually have royal lineage, but either way, they expect to be treated as though they are Queen (or King). Tamaki from Ouran High School Host Club is sort of a good example (hence his wanting to be referred to as king or being the "prince charming"), but as shown above, I consider him to be more of a deredere, as his personality doesn't really match. However, Benio, from the same anime, is a perfect match. Cornelia from Code Geass also fits the bill, but she can be forgiven as, unlike most himedere's, she actually is a princess.
     Kamidere: This is pretty much himedere, except replace "princess" with "goddess. So, yeah.These characters have a God-complex and all the "charming" personality that comes with it. Some examples are Yagami Light (the God of the New World) from Death Note, Lelouch from Code Geass, Father from Fullmetal Alchemist, Doctor Genus from One Punch Man, Akihiko from Sword Art Online, and Satsuki from Kill la Kill.
     Mayadere: The origins of this one can be a bit complicated, as "maya" is not a word in Japanese, but a name. The more common meaning in the west means "illusion", but in Japanese, it can mean "love", which is fitting, but unlikely the reason for its naming. Alternatively, it could be in reference to the ancient Mayan civilization, but I have literally searched for hours on the internet, and can find no reason why. Regardless of naming, the Mayadere is essentially the lovechild of a yandere and tsundere. They start out as an antagonist, usually trying to murder the main character, but switch sides when they fall in love with the protagonist (or sometimes a supporting protagonist character, but generally, it will be the main character). Emi from Hataraku Maou-Sama might count, as does Angel from Angel Beats.
     Tsunshun: The tsunshun wants to be left alone, and they will be mean and aggressive so they can achieve this. "Tsun" is the anger and "shun" is the sorrow, they may seem cold and harsh, but really they are afraid and sad. Some examples are Revy from Black Lagoon and Asuka from Neon Genesis.
     Yangire: This is a portmanteau of yanderu (or alternatively yandere) and a word meaning to lose one's temper or be out of patience, kireru. Similar to yandere's they are violent and often mentally ill (hence yanderu, which again, means "sick"), or unstable. But unlike the dere type, they show no affection to the object of their aggression, or rather, their violence is not beholden to love. They may snap at and lash out toward their friends or loved ones, but not necessarily. They are rather scary because often their outbursts seem random and are over little things. In other words, they tend to overreact in extreme and dangerous ways. Some examples are Mado from Tokyo Ghoul (he probably counts), Alois from Black Butler, Tsubaki from Mirai Nikki, Nagisa from Assassination Classroom might count (his personality sort of fits the bill, but it's not really explored enough in the anime for me to say for certain), Seryu from Akame Ga Kill, Shiro from Deadman Wonderland, and Hansel and Gretel from Black Lagoon.