I could have sworn I've done this before, but I was glancing back and saw...nothing. So here are some anime archetypes that could come in handy. Starting with the five main types.
Tsundere: One of the most well known dere types. The word dere can mean love or affection. Whereas "tsun" is onomatopoeia for sticking up your nose when irritated. So, tsundere is used to describe characters who are often unsure or rejecting of their emotions. This can be caused by a number of things, such as having started out hating or generally disliking their love interest, and then growing to love them, but not accepting this change in perspective. There is another form of tsundere that involves family and close friends as opposed to a love interest, but the name evades me and Google is no help. Some common phrases from them would be: "Kanchigai shinaide ne (essentially "Don't get the wrong idea")", "Arigataku omoinasai yo (you'd better be thankful)", "baka jyanai no (Are you stupid?)" and "Hima data kara (I didn't have anything else to do)." Some examples are Romano from Hetalia (who is the other form of tsundere), Inuyasha from Inuyasha, Taiga from Toradora, Makisa from Steins;Gate, Asuka from Neon Genesis Evangelion, and Haruhi from The Melancholy of Suzumiya Haruhi.
Dandere: These are characters who are generally very quiet and painfully shy, but may open up once they get to know you, however, this doesn't always happen. They tend to take a more passive role in trying to win the object of their affection's love, but tend to manage because they are almost always absolutely adorable. The word comes from "danmari" which means "to be silent" and dere still means affectionate. It's harder to think of common quotes from them, for obvious reasons, however, I do have some examples: Akiyama from K-On, Hiiragi from Lucky Star, Asahina from The Melancholy of Suzumiya Haruhi, Japan from Hetalia (I guess?), Sakurai-san from Nichijou, Sunako from The Wallflower, Chiriko from The Flower We Saw That Day, and Sailor Mercury from Sailor Moon.
Kuudere: Kuudere comes from the English word "cool" in the sense of unemotional apathy, and dere, which you should know what that means by now. This can be for a great many reasons. One such reasoning is that the character is unable to feel emotion, such as in the case of an android, but somehow learns to love their object of affection and feel. Other times, and more commonly, the kuudere's emotionless mask is simply a front, and they put this on for another variety of reasons. One of the first characters I think of when I think kuudere is Angel (Kanade) from Angel Beats, but there is also Rei from Neon Genesis Evangelion, Mei from Another, Yin from Darker Than Black, Enma Ai from Jigoku Shoujo, Sakaki from Azumanga Daioh, Minami from Lucky StarKonjiki no yami from To LOVE-Ru, Decum from Death Parade, and Norway from Hetalia.
Yandere: This comes from the word yanderu (to be sick) and dere, literally meaning "lovesick". They generally seem sweet and kind and wonderful at first, and always will dote on their love interest, however, they are absolutely insane. There are two types. One would never harm their object of affection, but is perfectly willing to kill everybody else, not allowing any competition to come in contact with their love, and the other is willing to hurt or even kill their love interest so that (s)he cannot end up with anybody else. Some examples are Yuno Gasai from Mirai Nikki (one of the most well known examples), Rena from When They Cry, Belarus from Hetalia, Griffith from Berserk, Mika from Durarara!!, and Lucy from Elfen Lied.
Deredere: These characters are straight forward without the complex double personality. They are sweet, happy, energetic, and usually a genki girl. She will be cheery and in a lot of cases, affectionate. Some examples are Elizabeth from Black Butler, Tamaki from Ouran, and Chihiro from Hataraku Maou-Sama.
Undere: "Un", means "yeah". This is the character who will agree with everything her (or his) object of affection does and says, and will do anything they say because of the love (s)he feels for them. Misa from Death Note is legitimately the only character I can think of.
Himedere/Oujidere: Hime means princess, but is not used for royalty. Ouji is literally the word for prince. This describes a character who wishes to be treated as royalty (think the song World is Mine by Hatsune Miku). They are spoilt brats who may or may not actually have royal lineage, but either way, they expect to be treated as though they are Queen (or King). Tamaki from Ouran High School Host Club is sort of a good example (hence his wanting to be referred to as king or being the "prince charming"), but as shown above, I consider him to be more of a deredere, as his personality doesn't really match. However, Benio, from the same anime, is a perfect match. Cornelia from Code Geass also fits the bill, but she can be forgiven as, unlike most himedere's, she actually is a princess.
Kamidere: This is pretty much himedere, except replace "princess" with "goddess. So, yeah.These characters have a God-complex and all the "charming" personality that comes with it. Some examples are Yagami Light (the God of the New World) from Death Note, Lelouch from Code Geass, Father from Fullmetal Alchemist, Doctor Genus from One Punch Man, Akihiko from Sword Art Online, and Satsuki from Kill la Kill.
Mayadere: The origins of this one can be a bit complicated, as "maya" is not a word in Japanese, but a name. The more common meaning in the west means "illusion", but in Japanese, it can mean "love", which is fitting, but unlikely the reason for its naming. Alternatively, it could be in reference to the ancient Mayan civilization, but I have literally searched for hours on the internet, and can find no reason why. Regardless of naming, the Mayadere is essentially the lovechild of a yandere and tsundere. They start out as an antagonist, usually trying to murder the main character, but switch sides when they fall in love with the protagonist (or sometimes a supporting protagonist character, but generally, it will be the main character). Emi from Hataraku Maou-Sama might count, as does Angel from Angel Beats.
Tsunshun: The tsunshun wants to be left alone, and they will be mean and aggressive so they can achieve this. "Tsun" is the anger and "shun" is the sorrow, they may seem cold and harsh, but really they are afraid and sad. Some examples are Revy from Black Lagoon and Asuka from Neon Genesis.
Yangire: This is a portmanteau of yanderu (or alternatively yandere) and a word meaning to lose one's temper or be out of patience, kireru. Similar to yandere's they are violent and often mentally ill (hence yanderu, which again, means "sick"), or unstable. But unlike the dere type, they show no affection to the object of their aggression, or rather, their violence is not beholden to love. They may snap at and lash out toward their friends or loved ones, but not necessarily. They are rather scary because often their outbursts seem random and are over little things. In other words, they tend to overreact in extreme and dangerous ways. Some examples are Mado from Tokyo Ghoul (he probably counts), Alois from Black Butler, Tsubaki from Mirai Nikki, Nagisa from Assassination Classroom might count (his personality sort of fits the bill, but it's not really explored enough in the anime for me to say for certain), Seryu from Akame Ga Kill, Shiro from Deadman Wonderland, and Hansel and Gretel from Black Lagoon.